S. Hama, K. Takahashi, Y. Inai, K. Shiota, R. Sakamoto, A. Yamada, H. Tsuchiya, K. Kanamura, E. Yamashita, and K. Kogure, “Protective effects of topical application of a poorly soluble antioxidant astaxanthin liposomal formulation on ultraviolet-induced skin damage,” J. Pharm. Sci., vol. 101, pp. 2909–2916, 2012.
 A. R. Rao, H. N. Sindhuja, S. M. Dharmesh, K. U. Sankar, R. Sarada, and G. A. Ravishankar, “Effective inhibition of skin cancer, tyrosinase, and antioxidative properties by astaxanthin and astaxanthin esters from the green alga haematococcus pluvialis,” J. Agric. Food Chem., vol. 61, pp. 3842–3851, 2013.
 P. Gasser, E. Lati, L. Peno-Mazzarino, D. Bouzoud, L. Allegaert, and H. Bernaert, “Cocoa polyphenols and their influence on parameters involved in ex vivo skin restructuring.,” Int. J. Cosmet. Sci., vol. 30, no. 5, pp. 339–45, Oct. 2008.
 K. Uchiyama, Y. Naito, G. Hasegawa, N. Nakamura, J. Takahashi, and T. Yoshikawa, “Astaxanthin protects beta-cells against glucose toxicity in diabetic db/db mice.,” Redox Rep., vol. 7, pp. 290–293, 2002.
 R. Otton, D. P. Marin, A. P. Bolin, R. de C. M. dos Santos, T. G. Polotow, S. C. Sampaio, and M. P. de Barros, “Astaxanthin ameliorates the redox imbalance in lymphocytes of experimental diabetic rats,” Chem. Biol. Interact., vol. 186, pp. 306–315, 2010.
 G. Imokawa and K. Ishida, “Inhibitors of Intracellular Signaling Pathways that Lead to Stimulated Epidermal Pigmentation: Perspective of Anti-Pigmenting Agents,” Int. J. Mol. Sci., vol. 15, no. 5, pp. 8293–8315, 2014.back buy online